Cataracts affect at least 3 out of 4 Indians. However, a significant portion of the affected population remains untreated. Most cataracts are the result of the natural process of ageing. Others may be present at birth or may develop as a result of physical, drug or chemical injury. Not all cataracts need to be removed. Your decision on whether to have your cataracts removed will probably be based on the extent to which the cataract interferes with your daily life. Surgery for cataracts involves replacing the lens in your eye.
Preparing for your Cataract Surgery
Cataract surgery is usually done as an outpatient procedure in an operating room, so you don’t necessarily have to stay in the hospital. A sedative may be given along with numbing eye drops. During the surgery, the cloudy cataract lens is removed and replaced by a clear man-made lens. Most cataract surgeries are done with a technique called phacoemulsification. The cut can be small because the harder center section of the lens is liquefied and then vacuumed out. After the cataract is removed, the surgeon usually replaces it with a new, man-made intraocular lens, or IOL, through a procedure called “intraocular lens implantation.”
Cataract surgery has undergone major transformation in the last few decades. Micro-incision cataract surgery (MICS), an approach of removing the cloudy cataract lens through an incision that is less than 1.8 mm, is minimally traumatic and is known to provide better post-operative outcomes than phacoemulsification. Femtosecond (FS) laser surgery is another recent approach that provides better accuracy and precision than standard cataract surgeries.
Recovery after your Cataract Surgery
After your surgery, it is normal to feel mild irritation in the eye. Your doctor may recommend that you take an over-the-counter pain reliever. You may also have mild tearing and may be slightly sensitive to light for a short time following your procedure. You can wear dark glasses to help with the light sensitivity. For a few weeks after your cataract surgery, you will need to take medication in the form of eye drops to aid healing and prevent infection. Your surgeon may want you to avoid very strenuous activities for a short period after the surgery, but most normal activities need not be restricted following a cataract surgery. You probably will need a new eyeglass prescription, as well.
Plan your cataract surgery in advance with MediBuddy’s eCashless feature and avail provisional pre-authorization for cashless hospitalization at a network hospital, right from the comfort of your home! Learn more. And, if you happen to have your procedure at a non-network hospital, you can raise a reimbursement claim and track its status in real-time with MediBuddy. You can also search for hospitals within your insurer’s network and filter them by location, specialties, amenities, room types, etc., and pick one that best matches your needs. Learn more.