Brain Stroke: Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors and Prevention

Brain Stroke Symptoms and Risk Factors

Stroke is taking over cardiac and cancer diseases to be the leading cause of death and disability. A brain stroke occurs when blood flow to an area in the brain is interrupted. Deprived of the much needed oxygen and glucose, the brain cells die. If not caught early, a stroke can lead to permanent brain damage or death.

Common Types of Strokes

Ischemic stroke – Responsible for over 80% stroke cases in India, it occurs due to blockage or the formation of a clot in blood vessel of the brain – kind of like a heart attack. The blockage or clot in blood vessels could be caused by fatty deposits in the linings of the blood vessels.

Hemorrhagic stroke – Responsible for over 17% strokes in India, it is caused by ruptured blood vessels, leading to bleeding in the brain.

Transient Ischemic stroke (TIA) – It is also called a mini-stroke and is a temporary condition. It may last for a few minutes or a day, showing temporary symptoms. TIA is also caused by the formation of a blood clot.

Don’t Overlook Brain Stroke Symptoms

General symptoms include:

  • Weakness or numbness in the face, arm, leg, or on one side of the body
  • Loss of speech, difficulty in speaking, difficulty in understanding speech
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Dizziness or sudden headache
  • Loss of vision or dimming vision
  • Loss of coordination and balance
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Vomiting and nausea


Controllable Risk Factors

  • High blood pressure
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • High cholesterol
  • Obesity
  • Heart disease
  • Blood disorders and severe anaemia
  • Smoking
  • Drug abuse
  • Excessive intake of alcohol


Brain Stroke Prevention

Nearly 50% of all cases of strokes are preventable. The list of controllable risk factors can be addressed and checked before they lead to an eventuality of a stroke. Preventing a stroke also means healthy alterations to your lifestyle in addition to health monitoring with regular health checks.

MediBuddy can assist you with all your health monitoring and screening needs by connecting you with medical specialists and service providers closest to you.

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