Stroke is taking over cardiac and cancer diseases to be the leading cause of death and disability. A brain stroke occurs when blood flow to an area in the brain is interrupted. Deprived of the much needed oxygen and glucose, the brain cells die. If not caught early, a stroke can lead to permanent brain damage or death.
Common Types of Strokes
Ischemic stroke – Responsible for over 80% stroke cases in India, it occurs due to blockage or the formation of a clot in blood vessel of the brain – kind of like a heart attack. The blockage or clot in blood vessels could be caused by fatty deposits in the linings of the blood vessels.
Hemorrhagic stroke – Responsible for over 17% strokes in India, it is caused by ruptured blood vessels, leading to bleeding in the brain.
Transient Ischemic stroke (TIA) – It is also called a mini-stroke and is a temporary condition. It may last for a few minutes or a day, showing temporary symptoms. TIA is also caused by the formation of a blood clot.
Don’t Overlook Brain Stroke Symptoms
General symptoms include:
- Weakness or numbness in the face, arm, leg, or on one side of the body
- Loss of speech, difficulty in speaking, difficulty in understanding speech
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Dizziness or sudden headache
- Loss of vision or dimming vision
- Loss of coordination and balance
- Loss of consciousness
- Vomiting and nausea
Controllable Risk Factors
- High blood pressure
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- High cholesterol
- Heart disease
- Blood disorders and severe anaemia
- Drug abuse
- Excessive intake of alcohol
Brain Stroke Prevention
Nearly 50% of all cases of strokes are preventable. The list of controllable risk factors can be addressed and checked before they lead to an eventuality of a stroke. Preventing a stroke also means healthy alterations to your lifestyle in addition to health monitoring with regular health checks.