epileptic seizure

Epileptic Seizure: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

epileptic seizure

An epileptic seizure is a chronic ailment of the brain that keeps recurring. It happens when a sudden increase in the brain’s electrical activity causes its chemistry to go off balance. Currently, it affects around 65 million people worldwide.

Read on to know more about this condition.

What causes Seizures?

The medical community does not know exactly what the epilepsy triggers are. Doctors just know that a disruption of the brain’s activities triggers it. Some possible causes include-

  • Trauma to the head
  • Genetics
  • Tumours or stroke
  • Some children are born with structurally different brains which make them prone to epilepsy. A child may be epileptic if it didn’t receive sufficient oxygen at the time of birth.
  • Autism
  • Brain infections
  • Diseases like Down’s Syndrome, Alzheimer’s, encephalitis or AIDS
  • Low blood sugar

 

What are the Signs of Epilepsy?

The symptoms of an epileptic seizure are:

  • Convulsions
  • Unconsciousness
  • Blurry memory
  • Loss of bowel and bladder control, coinciding with periods of unconsciousness
  • Limbs feel stiff and unresponsive
  • Narcolepsy or sleeping repeatedly during the day
  • Weak muscles

Tip: Consult a doctor on MediBuddy if you experience any of the abovementioned symptoms.

Treatment for Epileptic Seizure

If tests indicate that you do have epilepsy, your doctor will prescribe anti-epileptic medication. Since the most-common outcome of epilepsy is seizures, you will also have to take anti-seizure medicines. The dosage will depend on the intensity of your condition.

Your doctor will take you off medication once you get through at least two years without experiencing a seizure.

Epilepsy Surgery

The doctor first identifies the region of the brain where unnatural activity is prompting seizures and then removes the problem-inducing region surgically.

The Vagus Nerve Stimulation

The vagus nerve leads directly to the brain. The surgeon implants an electrical stimulator under the skin of your chest and connects it to the nerve. This device emits bursts of electricity that travels to the brain through the nerve and stops an epileptic seizure.

Deep Brain Stimulation

It is somewhat similar to the vagus nerve stimulation procedure. Here, the surgeon attaches electrodes to the thalamus of your brain and attaches the other end to a stimulator in your chest. It sends electrical pulses directly to the brain to inhibit seizures.

Epilepsy Diet

All dieticians prescribe a ketogenic diet for epileptic seizures. It comprises plenty of fats, limited proteins and minimal carbohydrates. So, your diet will include healthy fatty food like sea fish, avocado, nuts, chia seeds, dark chocolate and cheese. You will have to reduce the consumption of grains, potatoes, and fleshy fruits as they are high in carbohydrates.

Epilepsy is a lethal disorder and can even claim your life. But, it can be brought under control with the right treatment measures.

Consulting a doctor is extremely crucial during epileptic seizures. You should
still see one if you’ve never had a major seizure or if people tell you that there
are times when you are not aware of what you’re doing.

References:

mayoclinic

epilepsy

medicalnewstoday

 

crohn's disease

Crohn’s Disease: Symptoms, Complications and Treatment

crohn's disease

Crohn’s disease is an affliction of the bowel and leads to inflammation of the digestive tract. Usually, it affects the small intestine and the colon. Doctors don’t yet know what exactly causes it, but believe it could be due to genetics, poor immunity, or environmental factors.

What are the Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease?

Many of this condition’s symptoms resemble those of other minor stomach ailments. So, it is indicated only when these symptoms intensify and keep recurring.

  • Stomach pain
  • Bloating
  • Diarrhoea
  • Bleeding while defecating
  • Exhaustion
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Sores inside the mouth

You should immediately consult a doctor on MediBuddy if you notice any of these symptoms.

What happens when you do not consult a doctor at the earliest?

Not only will the relentless pain continue, but the following complications may also develop if you do not get medical help quickly.

  • Abscesses form on the inside of the intestines because of bacterial infection and fill up with pus. Alternatively, it could grow near the anus. They cause intense pain and the only cure is draining the abscess.
  • It could lead to the development of gallstones, kidney stones, and skin ulcer.
  • Crohn’s disease is directly linked to fissures and fistula of the rectum. Both cause pain and bleeding from the rectum.
  • Since diarrhoea is a common symptom of Crohn’s disease, you may not eat enough food or your intestine will not absorb nutrients efficiently, thereby culminating in malnutrition.
  • Crohn’s disease raises your risk of getting colon cancer.

How is Crohn’s disease diagnosed?

Your doctor will want your detailed medical history and will ask you about the symptoms. You will also have to undergo a physical examination. Your doctor will then prescribe a blood and stool test. If the tests indicate that you may have Crohn’s disease, there will be follow-up tests like colonoscopy, MRI scan or CT scan.

Treatment for Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease medication consists of antibiotics and nutritional supplements that

  • Bring down the inflammation in the digestive tract
  • Stop diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting and the bleeding
  • Make up for your nutritional deficiency.

Some medicines can also alter the immune system to stop it from causing inflammation.

Exercises that can help with Crohn’s Disease

Cardio exercises like swimming, walking, jumping rope, sprinting, dancing, and cycling are very effective in curbing the symptoms of this condition because they keep the digestive tract in peak condition.

Diet for Crohn’s Disease

Although certain foods can trigger this condition, it varies from person-to-person. Therefore, you will need to keep track of what you are eating and identify triggers, if any. Some common triggers are –

  • Alcohol
  • Dairy products
  • Caffeinated drinks
  • Raw fruits and vegetables
  • Nuts

You should also avoid foods that add fibre to the stool. This has been shown to reduce the intensity of cramps and diarrhoea.

Crohn’s disease is a painful condition. You should consult a doctor who
can recommend the right medication, diet, and exercise to treat it.

References:

webmd

mayoclinic

dental implants

Dental Implants: Things You Need to Know Before Getting One

dental implants

Up until a few years ago, tooth loss meant dentures. But, a more convenient option that you have today is dental implants. It involves a simple surgery where the doctor will attach an artificial tooth to your jawbone where your real tooth used to be.

What are the benefits?

There are multiple advantages of getting dental implants.

Teeth Implants look natural

These implants feel like real teeth and are designed to fit you. So, they do not stand out when you speak or smile.

They last longer

Dental implants are made with titanium, a very durable metal. If you maintain dental hygiene, they will last a lifetime.

They do not harm adjoining teeth

In conventional teeth restoration surgeries, a doctor often files and chips away the nearby teeth to fit in the new denture. This makes the healthy teeth very vulnerable. But with dental implants, the surgeon leaves the surrounding teeth untouched.

A high success rate

Dental implants have an impressive success rate – over 95%. No other dental surgical procedure is as successful.

It can stop bone-loss

When you lose a tooth with its roots, it cuts off stimulation to the jawbone and the surrounding bones begin to disintegrate. But, dental implants come with fake roots that mimic the action of real tooth roots, and that prevents bone loss.

An economical option

On the face of it, a dental implant surgery might seem expensive. But, other tooth replacement procedures like teeth caps or dentures do not last for long. You have to keep going back to the dentist to replace them. That is why, in the end, teeth implants are cheaper because of their longevity.

Are you eligible for Dental Implants Surgery?

If you are healthy enough for tooth extraction, you can undergo dental implant surgery. Moreover, your dentist will check if your gums are strong. If there is an infection, you will have to take medicines to treat it before you go under the knife.

However, if you are a chain smoker, or suffer from heart ailments or diabetes, your doctor will prescribe tests to evaluate your overall health before you get the green light for surgery. Consult a dentist on MediBuddy to know if it’s the right time for an implant.

Aftercare

Food particles tend to accumulate in and around the dental implant and can lead to plaque. So, you need to follow regular dental care routine like brushing, flossing and rinsing with mouth wash. Make sure that the mouthwash is non-alcoholic. Also, the toothbrush you use needs to be soft-bristled.

You need to drop in at your dentist’s periodically to get your dental implants cleaned professionally.

Dental implants are a no-fuss surgery and at the end of it, you have the perfect substitute for the tooth you lost.

Oral hygiene is often overlooked, but it’s one area that is susceptible to diseases and infections. Schedule a dental appointment if you have the slightest pain or any form of discomfort.

References:

webmd

authoritydental

crookesandjenkinsdental

 

caffeine

7 Reasons Why Caffeine is Good for You and 4 Reasons Why It’s Not

caffeine

Caffeine is the active ingredient in two of the world’s most popular drinks – coffee and tea. When you drink these beverages, it enters your bloodstream and affects your entire body. That is why you need to be aware of its effects so that you balance out the good and the bad.

What are the positive caffeine effects?

If consumed in moderation, caffeine can do a world of good in your body.

Boosts energy levels

It is a stimulant. When you drink coffee or tea, its active ingredient enters your bloodstream and reaches the brain. It inhibits the production of the chemicals that cause drowsiness and lethargy. Moreover, caffeine also increases the efficiency of other parts of the brain. Studies have proven that it boosts memory, stabilizes mood and makes you more vigilant.

Helps you lose weight

Caffeine is present in all supplements that help you lose weight because it speeds up your metabolism by almost 10%. The faster your rate of metabolism, the more quickly you are able to lose weight. But, you should not rely on it alone to lose weight, rather use it to supplement a healthy diet and an exercise routine.

Promotes better physical performance

When caffeine breaks down fat cells, they expel fatty acids that the body uses as fuel. It also stimulates our nervous system and releases adrenaline that helps energize the body for physical exertion.

Makes you less prone to diabetes

Type 2 diabetes means you have elevated levels of blood sugar because your body is resistant to insulin. If you are a regular coffee/tea drinker, it will reduce your risk of diabetes by almost 50%.

To determine if you have high blood sugar, you can consult a doctor on MediBuddy.

Provides immunity against Alzheimer’s and Dementia

It prevents brain cells from deteriorating. Studies have shown that 2-3 moderate cups of coffee can lower the chances of getting dementia or Alzheimer’s by almost 60%.

Keeps the heart healthy

It boosts blood circulation. In fact, regular and moderate drinking of coffee can actually stabilize blood pressure and promote good heart health.

Helps with bowel movement

It increases peristalsis, the contractive movement of the digestive tract that moves food and faecal matter down the digestive tract. Therefore, caffeine acts as a laxative.

What are the negative caffeine effects?

The maximum permissible amount of daily caffeine intake is 400 milligrams. Anything more than that makes you vulnerable to the following:

Makes you anxious

If you consume more than 1000 mg of coffee, it will trigger the production of an excess of adrenaline, which will make you anxious and jittery and elevate your stress levels.

Can cause insomnia

Several studies have proved that excess caffeine throughout the day makes it difficult for a person to fall asleep. It also reduces your total sleep time. Sleep is restorative. Without the right amount of sleep, you will become forgetful, irritable, and lethargic.

Raises your pulse rate

If you consume too much energy drinks, the excess caffeine can increase your pulse rate and change the rhythm of your heart.

Leads to increased urination

When you drink a caffeinated beverage, it stimulates your bladder. That is why if you consume too much of caffeine, it can make you urinate frequently.

The jury is out on whether caffeine is good for you or not. While it undeniably has plenty of health benefits but like all things, binging on it can be harmful to your health.

The jury is out on whether caffeine is good for you or not. While it undeniably has
plenty of health benefits but like all things, binging on it can be harmful to your he-
alth. Consult a doctor to know more about the health benefits and risks of coffee. 

Reference:

healthline

netdoctor

selfhacked