Type 1 Vs Type 2 Diabetes

Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes: How are they different?

Type 1 Vs Type 2 Diabetes

Usually, diabetes is categorized as type 1 and type 2. Both types are dangerous but in different ways. Both can cause irreparable damage to your health and unless you take appropriate care of your health, either can prove to be dangerous and it all starts with learning about diabetes and more importantly, Type 1 vs Type 2 diabetes.

What is diabetes?

To understand what diabetes is, we need to learn about glucose and insulin. Our bodies require fuel, just as a machine would. When we consume food, our body converts the carbohydrates into glucose, or simply put sugar, and releases it into the bloodstream. Glucose is that fuel that the body requires to carry out its functions. But something needs to tell the cells of the body to absorb the sugar and utilize it. That is where insulin comes in. When your pancreas detects a rise in the level of glucose level, it secretes insulin. This chemical sends signals to the cells to extract sugar from the bloodstream.

When there is a disruption in this intricate system, you are at the risk of getting diabetes.

Type 1 vs Type 2 diabetes – Causes

When it comes to what triggers the two forms of diabetes, the causes are entirely different.

Type 2 Diabetes

This form of diabetes is much more prevalent than Type 1. When your body becomes resistant to insulin, Type 2 diabetes sets in. This is how it happens – your cells do not respond to the signals that insulin sends them. That is why they stop absorbing sugar from your blood and as a result, sugar content in blood soars. Your pancreas will valiantly produce more insulin to cope with the excess sugar but eventually, it loses the battle.

Type 2 diabetes also goes by the name ‘hyperglycaemia’. It can happen at any stage in a person’s life.

Type 1 Diabetes

This is an autoimmune disorder. Your body starts to accidentally start attacking a perfectly healthy pancreas. Naturally, a weakened pancreas cannot produce the quantity of insulin required to keep sugar levels in check.

Type 1 diabetes usually sets in when you are a child. But it can affect adults too.

Are the symptoms different?

Type 1 diabetes has some clear indications:

  • Constant thirst
  • Dry mouth
  • Stomach ache
  • Blurry eyesight
  • Frequent mood changes
  • Exhaustion
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Children with type 1 diabetes might be prone to bedwetting
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Respiratory distress
  • Feeling hungry often

Some of the common type 2 diabetes symptoms are:

  • Development of discoloured or dark patches around the neck or in the armpit
  • You may be vulnerable to infections
  • Wounds take a long time to heal
  • Constant thirst
  • Weariness
  • Having to urinate frequently
  • Insatiable hunger

Many of the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar. And that’s why in adults, type 1 diabetes is often misdiagnosed as type 2 diabetes.

Which impacts the body more?

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes both lead to the rise of blood sugar level in your blood. Therein lies their similarity. So the effect both the disorders have on the body is the same. Here are a few ways type 1 and type 2 diabetes can ruin your health-

  • They cause damage to the blood vessels and eventually lead to heart disorders
  • Diabetes (both types) cause neuropathy
  • You may experience hearing and vision impairment
  • They may cause kidney damage and foot disorders
  • In some cases, they can lead to Alzheimer’s

 

Treatment

If you have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you will be advised the following-

  • Taking insulin shots and medicines
  • Blood sugar monitoring at regular intervals
  • Healthy diet
  • Strict exercise regime
  • Keeping an eye on how much carbohydrates, proteins and fats you are consuming

Treatment of type 2 diabetes treatment comprises-

  • Monitoring blood glucose levels
  • Healthy diet
  • Weight loss is an imperative
  • Exercise and work-out on a daily basis
  • Insulin therapy

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are both dangerous. But proper care can keep these conditions under control.

Be it Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes, both have a terrible impact on one’s health and
are not to be taken lightly. To know more about either type of Diabetes and
the best course of action to deal with them, speak to a Doctor via
MediBuddy today.

 

Sources:

  1. WebMD
  2. Healthline
Disadvantages of junk food

8 Disadvantages of fast food you didn’t know about

Disadvantages of junk food

Junk food is comfort food. We live in an era when our lives are defined by anxiety and stress. And a quick escape for many is to bite into a savoury bit of fast food. Mostly because at the end of a long day at the office nothing can induce you to go through the hassle of preparing a meal for yourself.  This is when take-away seems like a godsend. Whatever be your reason, surely you know that you are wilfully wrecking your health. To remind you that eating fast food is almost the same as slowly poisoning yourself, we will detail the effects of fast food on your health.

Disadvantages of fast food

 

It can prompt memory Loss

Fast foods that are loaded with fats or sugars interfere with the activity of those brain peptides that are responsible for the formation of memories and their recollection. There are synapses in the brain that help with its cognitive performances as well as learning and remembering. Overconsumption of junk food does not allow these synapses to grow. This, in turn, can hamper how well you perform routine activities.

Your chances of getting dementia increase

Certain chemicals in the brain carry signals between the different nerve cells and this function is vital for long-term memory formation. But fast food induces your brain to produce too much of these chemicals. And this makes the cells resistant to them. Junk food will limit your ability to think and recall, and set the grounds for the onset of dementia.

You can get diabetes

Eating junk food will raise the sugar level in your blood. When too much of glucose or sugar collects in your bloodstream, your cells become resistant to insulin. This means that there is a good chance you might contract diabetes in the future.

Eating fast food can damage your kidneys

Fast food pumps a lot of toxic materials into your body. And it is the kidneys’ job to flush away all those toxins to keep your system clean and healthy. One of the greatest disadvantages of fast food is that they make the kidneys work overtime to get rid of the harmful particles in your body. And over time, this can take a toll on them.

Junk food makes you over-eat

Eating junk food will make you more inclined towards overconsumption. Trans fats present in these foods mess up the signals in your brain that help it decide if you have eaten enough to satiate your hunger. Moreover, fast food will make you crave for more food and your brain will overpower its own inhibitors that warn to not binge eat. That is why you will keep eating these foods day after day and this will slowly push you towards obesity and a host of other ailments.

They will raise your blood pressure

One of the health problems caused by eating fast food is the accumulation of plaque in your blood vessels. This will restrict the flow of blood through them and result in high blood pressure. Unchecked hypertension is behind many fatal disorders such as heart attack, brain stroke, kidney disease, aneurysm, retinopathies of the eyes etc.

Fast foods are enemies of your teeth

Fast foods contain loads of carbohydrates and sugars that cause a thin film of plaque to develop around your teeth.  This is food for bad bacteria and can lead to tooth decay as well as gum disorders.

They can trigger headaches and acne

All the savoury junk foods contain sodium, which makes you vulnerable to frequent headaches. Similarly, the presence of too many carbohydrates and grease can make your skin break out into acne.

Conclusion

Junk foods can cause a world of damage to your body. The contentment they provide is temporary yet the damages they inflict can last a lifetime. So wean yourself off them as soon as possible.

While fast foods are quite enticing to the taste buds and are highly sought after, the demerits of indulging in them are extremely high. To know more about which food
items are best for your daily nutritional needs, speak to a dietician via
MediBuddy today!

Sources:

  1. Healthline
  2. MedicalNewsToday
Know the problems wisdom teeth can cause

Know the problems wisdom teeth can cause

Know the problems wisdom teeth can cause

The wisdom tooth is the third and the last set of molars that appear in your late teens or early twenties. There are four wisdom teeth – two in the upper jaw and two in the lower. There are very few people who have all the four wisdom teeth aligned and functional. For most people, they are misaligned – they don’t erupt properly. This misalignment can damage the adjacent nerves and teeth. Let us look at the problems wisdom teeth can cause.

Problems wisdom teeth can cause

  • Wisdom teeth that are positioned incorrectly can cause food particles to become trapped, giving cavity-causing bacteria space to grow inside the mouth
  • Misaligned wisdom tooth makes it difficult to floss between the teeth, causing plaque to build-up 
  • A partially developed wisdom tooth may allow bacteria to enter the gums and cause an infection to develop, leading to swelling, pain and stiffness in the jaw
  • If the wisdom tooth does not have enough room to come through, they may crowd or damage the adjacent tooth
  • An impacted wisdom tooth can lead to the formation of a cyst near or on the tooth, which may further damage the bones or the roots that support your teeth

 

When should you visit a dentist?

You should visit a dental care specialist if you notice changes in or around the area where the wisdom tooth emerged. Look out for these signs –

  • Pain
  • Sacs filled with fluid – cysts
  • Tumours
  • Recurrent infection of the soft tissues
  • Damage or decay to the adjacent teeth
  • Gum disease
  • Extensive tooth decay

The decision of removing your wisdom teeth should be taken after a thorough consultation with a dentist. Usually, dental specialists recommend wisdom tooth extraction if they do not erupt fully, to prevent future complications.  It is advised that you get your wisdom tooth removed at a young age before the bones and roots are fully formed. This is because older people with denser bones take more time to recover.

A wisdom tooth that has not been removed should be monitored regularly because the possibility of developing problems later on still exists. Maintain your dental hygiene – be sure to floss the area around your wisdom tooth and follow up with your dental care specialist regularly.

Conclusion

A fully erupted wisdom tooth may not be problematic if it is positioned correctly. It is normal to experience mild discomfort when they appear but if you encounter severe pain or any of the aforementioned problems wisdom teeth can cause, visit a dentist immediately. 

Wisdom teeth can often cause intense pain when they emerge. You’re also more
likely to have issues with these molars than with any other teeth. To know more
about wisdom teeth and the best approach to handle them, speak to a Doctor
via MediBuddy today!

 

Sources:

  1. Mayoclinic
  2. Mouth Healthy
Vitamin D deficiency

Maintain vitamin D levels for the sake of your health!

Vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D (Sunshine Vitamin) is a nutrient that your body produces when your skin is exposed to sunlight. If you don’t stay out in the sun for the optimum amount of time or if you are not eating right, then your Vitamin D levels could plummet. And since it has heaps of benefits for your body, low count of this nutrient could really hurt you. 

What is Vitamin D?

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble Vitamin. In our bodies, two of the most important compounds of Vitamin D are Vitamin D2 and Vitamin D3.

The most trustable source of Vitamin D is sunlight. Doctors suggest 10-30 minutes of sun exposure a few times a week. The darker your skin, the longer your exposure has to be. But you should also keep skin sensitivity in mind and it should determine how long you stay out in the sun.

Vitamin D is also present in a few foods such as fatty fishes (tuna, salmon, mackerel, hilsa), beef liver, egg yolks, and cheese. So if you are vegan with limited sun exposure, there are high chances of your Vitamin D levels dwindling.

What happens if you have a Vitamin D deficiency?

Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium, which is instrumental to bone health. So children, when they are growing up need calcium to strengthen their developing bones and teeth. Similarly, throughout your life, you will require calcium to ensure your bones stay strong. But calcium alone doesn’t help. You may be taking in the requisite amounts of it, but without Vitamin D, your body will not be able to utilize it. 

Vitamin D can toughen up your body. Your immune system relies on it and this means that the more Vitamin D you take in the less likely you are to contract illnesses. It can also improve your cognitive abilities and stave off memory loss.

One of the most important reasons why you shouldn’t let your Vitamin D levels drop is because it can regulate the function of insulin. So when Vitamin D levels drop you also become vulnerable to diabetes.

Pregnant women need Vitamin D in their diet for their own as well as their child’s health. Without this nutrient, risks of preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and bacterial vaginosis go up.

Vitamin D is linked to the prevention of cancer, heart diseases, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, and chronic pain. So if you don’t consume sufficient amounts of it, you could contract any of these ailments.

Vitamin D deficiency symptoms

You can know that your Vitamin D levels are deficient from these telltale signs:

  • Frequent sicknesses
  • Pain in different parts of your body
  • Slow healing of wounds
  • Clumps of hair falling off 
  • Depression
  • Rapid weight gain
  • Extreme fatigue

If you notice these signs, you should visit a doctor who may prescribe Vitamin D supplements and suggest dietary changes.

Conclusion

Vitamin D is something you cannot ignore if you want to stay fit and healthy.

Irrespective of a busy lifestyle that doesn’t let you absorb sufficient amounts of sunlight, you must not take the lack of Vitamin D lightly. To supplement low levels of
Vitamin D in your system, speak to a Doctor via MediBuddy who can
suggest Vitamin D supplements that you can add to your daily diet.

 

Sources:

  1. Medicalnewstoday
  2. WebMD