Usually, diabetes is categorized as type 1 and type 2. Both types are dangerous but in different ways. Both can cause irreparable damage to your health and unless you take appropriate care of your health, either can prove to be dangerous and it all starts with learning about diabetes and more importantly, Type 1 vs Type 2 diabetes.
What is diabetes?
To understand what diabetes is, we need to learn about glucose and insulin. Our bodies require fuel, just as a machine would. When we consume food, our body converts the carbohydrates into glucose, or simply put sugar, and releases it into the bloodstream. Glucose is that fuel that the body requires to carry out its functions. But something needs to tell the cells of the body to absorb the sugar and utilize it. That is where insulin comes in. When your pancreas detects a rise in the level of glucose level, it secretes insulin. This chemical sends signals to the cells to extract sugar from the bloodstream.
When there is a disruption in this intricate system, you are at the risk of getting diabetes.
Type 1 vs Type 2 diabetes – Causes
When it comes to what triggers the two forms of diabetes, the causes are entirely different.
Type 2 Diabetes
This form of diabetes is much more prevalent than Type 1. When your body becomes resistant to insulin, Type 2 diabetes sets in. This is how it happens – your cells do not respond to the signals that insulin sends them. That is why they stop absorbing sugar from your blood and as a result, sugar content in blood soars. Your pancreas will valiantly produce more insulin to cope with the excess sugar but eventually, it loses the battle.
Type 2 diabetes also goes by the name ‘hyperglycaemia’. It can happen at any stage in a person’s life.
Type 1 Diabetes
This is an autoimmune disorder. Your body starts to accidentally start attacking a perfectly healthy pancreas. Naturally, a weakened pancreas cannot produce the quantity of insulin required to keep sugar levels in check.
Type 1 diabetes usually sets in when you are a child. But it can affect adults too.
Are the symptoms different?
Type 1 diabetes has some clear indications:
- Constant thirst
- Dry mouth
- Stomach ache
- Blurry eyesight
- Frequent mood changes
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Children with type 1 diabetes might be prone to bedwetting
- Rapid weight loss
- Respiratory distress
- Feeling hungry often
Some of the common type 2 diabetes symptoms are:
- Development of discoloured or dark patches around the neck or in the armpit
- You may be vulnerable to infections
- Wounds take a long time to heal
- Constant thirst
- Having to urinate frequently
- Insatiable hunger
Many of the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar. And that’s why in adults, type 1 diabetes is often misdiagnosed as type 2 diabetes.
Which impacts the body more?
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes both lead to the rise of blood sugar level in your blood. Therein lies their similarity. So the effect both the disorders have on the body is the same. Here are a few ways type 1 and type 2 diabetes can ruin your health-
- They cause damage to the blood vessels and eventually lead to heart disorders
- Diabetes (both types) cause neuropathy
- You may experience hearing and vision impairment
- They may cause kidney damage and foot disorders
- In some cases, they can lead to Alzheimer’s
If you have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you will be advised the following-
- Taking insulin shots and medicines
- Blood sugar monitoring at regular intervals
- Healthy diet
- Strict exercise regime
- Keeping an eye on how much carbohydrates, proteins and fats you are consuming
Treatment of type 2 diabetes treatment comprises-
- Monitoring blood glucose levels
- Healthy diet
- Weight loss is an imperative
- Exercise and work-out on a daily basis
- Insulin therapy
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are both dangerous. But proper care can keep these conditions under control.