Irregular Periods- Causes And Treatment

Periods are Normal, But Irregular Ones are Not!

Irregular Periods- Causes And Treatment

The menstrual cycle is not often as reliable as clockwork. Once or twice a year, your period might arrive a little late or a little early.  But if the length of your menstrual cycle keeps fluctuating, then you have a case of irregular periods. What are the causes of irregular periods? And can they be treated? Read on to know the answers.

What exactly is an irregular period?

Generally, the length of a menstrual cycle from one period to the next is 28 days. But this number is not etched in stone.  You might get your periods every 27 days and 27 is your menstrual cycle length. For someone else, it is 30 days and so on. That is why the normal length of a menstrual cycle can be anything between 24 to 34 days. And sometimes your period might start a day or two earlier or later. But if it has been more than 35 days since your last period, and if this happens frequently, then your periods are officially irregular.

How can you tell if you have irregular periods?

Normally, you should have 11-13 periods every year. Any fewer and it could be because you have irregular periods.

It is during puberty that periods start. In many women, it takes 1-2 years for a steady routine of periods to establish itself after which menstruation is expected to start on time. So if you are past your puberty and yet your periods are unpredictable, you can call it irregular periods.

It’s not just the delay in time that signifies irregular periods. Your body ejecting differing volumes of blood during periods is also a sign of menstrual irregularity.

If your blood clots are larger than 2.5 centimetres in diameter even if blood discharge is the same volume during all your periods, it could indicate irregular periods.

What are the causes of irregular periods?

The causes of irregular periods are varied and what triggers the irregularity in one woman may not be the same for another woman. Here are some of the common causes of irregular periods-

Hormonal fluctuation

This is usually the culprit behind delayed periods. The level of estrogen and progesterone- the two female hormones, does not always stay stable. During puberty and menopause, there is a hormonal tumult in the body and that is why irregular periods are common during these two phases. But changes in hormonal equilibrium can also be triggered by-

  • Stress
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Certain illnesses
  • A rapid change in weight
  • Breastfeeding (periods do not usually happen when a woman lactates)
  • Use of contraceptives
  • Extreme exercising

 

Other health complications

Underlying health conditions too are among the chief causes of irregular periods-

  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS causes cysts to develop in the ovaries which put a stop to ovulation. If eggs are not released, then periods do not happen.
  • Disorders of thyroid invariable trigger irregular periods.
  • Endometriosis is a complication that happens when the wall called endometrium (supposed to be on the inside of the uterus) grows on the outside. Shedding of the wall causes periods. But if the wall is on the outside, it cannot be shed and period cannot start.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease is a sexually transmitted disease that has the potential to wreck the uterus and fallopian tubes.

 

Treatment of irregular periods

If health conditions are causing irregular periods, then the medication that addresses the disease will also take care of irregular periods.

Stress can be taken care of through medication and breathing techniques. Obesity and weight gain can easily be reversed through dedicated exercise and a strict diet.

If birth control is responsible for irregular periods, then your doctor will recommend alternatives.

Home remedies for irregular periods

There are a few home remedies you can try out to regularize your periods-

  • Consume ginger every day
  • Try cinnamon tea
  • Load up on vitamin-rich foods
  • Drink apple cider vinegar

 

Conclusion

Irregular periods not only cause a world of worry but could also be telling you that there is something amiss about your body. So do not ignore the signs and get expert help.

Have you been noticing irregular periods in your life lately? For guidance, consult

a doctor through MediBuddy

Sources:

Web MD

Apples and Lower Cholesterol

Apples and cholesterol! What’s the connection?

Apples and Lower Cholesterol

Apples are heavenly fruits. They are crunchy and sweet. To feel the juice of the fruits trickling down your parched throat is absolutely divine. But apples are more than a delectable treat. They are loaded with the goodness of vitamins and minerals that nourish the body. It is not for nothing that the proverb ‘An apple a day keeps the doctor away’ came into usage. Especially when it comes to high cholesterol, apples are really good. So, do apples lower cholesterol? Read on to get the answer.

How do apples lower cholesterol?

Not enough research has been done to understand the effect of the ‘apple on cholesterol level aspect.’ But scientists do know a thing or two about the individual compounds of apples such as polyphenols, pectin, soluble fibre and phytosterols-

  • The amount of insoluble fibre, as well as pectin that you find in two ordinary-sized apples, raise good cholesterol (HDL) production by 10%. Conversely, they will also lower bad cholesterol (LDL) production by 5-13%.
  • Apples contain polyphenols that can stop oxidation of bad cholesterol- a primary cause of atherosclerosis (plaque accumulates and blocks the arteries).
  • Elderly women who eat apples every day reported a drop of 23% in their LDL level.

That’s not all. Apples help in the metabolism of lipids – a feature that prevents the production of molecules that cause chronic inflammation that is deadly for your heart.

REMEMBER: To let an apple work its magic and curb your cholesterol level, eat at least two of them every day. Moreover, eat them with the peal, because that is where all the fibre and pectin lie.

Conclusion

Apples are miracle-workers. They lower cholesterol and also prevent deadly heart inflammations. So try and eat them every day to improve your health. But again, if you fear that you might be at the risk of cholesterol-related issues, get a health check done through MediBuddy today. This way, you can monitor your health and take preventive measures if needed.

An apple a day will always help. But nothing can replace the speciality of a doctor.

Consult your doctor on MediBuddy.

Sources:

  1.     Verywellhealth
  2.     Medicalnewstoday
Food to Eat for Viral Fever

Foods to Eat When You Have Viral Fever

Food to Eat for Viral Fever

Eating when you have viral fever would probably be the last thing on your mind. This is because one of its symptoms is a reduced appetite. But eating nutritious and healthy stuff in the right amounts is the key to recovery from viral fever. If you can’t figure out the exact food items to eat, here is a guide to what food is good for viral fever.

 What food is good for viral fever?

 

1. Chicken soup

Chicken soup is the comfort food for fever. You not only get the benefit of eating chicken, but also the broth which is a mix of nutritive ingredients like celery, carrots, capsicum, and coriander.

Chicken soup is a rich source of protein and iron – two essential ingredients for a healthy body. It also keeps you hydrated at a time when you generally don’t drink much water.

2. Vegetarian broth

If you are vegetarian, you can opt for a broth minus the chicken. Doing away with chicken also takes away a rich protein source. You can turn to vegetarian alternatives like mushrooms, soya nuggets or even paneer – all good protein sources.

Remember to include ginger as one of the broth ingredients. When it comes to treating cold and fever, ginger with its powerful mix of antioxidants can help strengthen the immune system and battle inflammation in the body.

3. Leafy greens

Leafy greens like spinach, kale, and cabbage are rich in Vitamin C, which helps in strengthening your immune system. A weak immune system during fever can increase its duration and make you susceptible to cold, cough and a sore throat. They are also rich in Vitamin E – another nutrient that is good for the immune system.

The best way to consume them is through either a salad or smoothie, both of which are easy to digest.

4. Oatmeal

In almost every diet chart for fever patients, oatmeal is constant. It is nutritious and filling and can be prepared very easily. It is rich in beta-glucan fibre, which is good for your heart and blood sugar level. It also contains Vitamin E – an immune system booster.

You can mix nuts like almonds, walnuts, and cashew in your oatmeal to increase its nutritive value.

 5. Vitamin C rich fruits for fever and cold

Oranges, sweet lime and pomelo are rich in Vitamin C. You can use them as snacks in between meals. Getting your daily dose of Vitamin C from natural sources is better than consuming supplements because the body can absorb it better from foods. These fruits are among the best foods that fight viral infections.

6. Coconut water

If you are wondering what food is good for viral fever, look no further. Coconut water is rich in glucose and electrolytes – two things that your body needs to combat the lethargy that viral fever brings. It is also rich in potassium that helps replenish your energy reserves.

7. Bananas

Bananas are best for days when your taste buds don’t function at their best. Their bland flavour and soft texture makes them a perfect candidate for your diet chart when you are down with viral fever. They are also rich in manganese, potassium, vitamin C and magnesium – all essential minerals for a healthy body.

 

Foods to avoid

When it comes to recovery from an illness, eating right also means avoiding certain foods. During the days of viral fever, here are the foods you need to stay away from –

Caffeinated beverages like coffee, regular tea can dehydrate you

 Hard foods like crackers and chips can aggravate the symptoms of a sore throat

 You must avoid drinking alcohol because it will dry the system and weaken the immune system

Conclusion

Stay hydrated and eat healthy during a bout of viral fever to ensure that you get over it without any hiccups. Even after the fever is gone, continue eating these foods until you regain your normal appetite.

Viral fever is not something that people look forward to. But unfortunately, if you

are suffering from one, consult a doctor through MediBuddy.

Sources:

  1.     Healthline
  2.     Boldsky
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF THROMBOSIS

Watch out for these signs and symptoms of blood clots!

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF THROMBOSIS

Thrombosis is a condition when blood clots develop in crucial arteries. This condition can cause dangerous complications within the lungs, and may also trigger heart attacks and strokes if the blood clot travels to these organs. Thrombosis is worryingly widespread and is the primary cause of preventable death globally. Yet there is hardly any awareness regarding this devastating condition. This could be chalked up to the misconception that thrombosis is rare among Indians. But the statistics state otherwise. Indians are just as likely to contract thrombosis as anyone else. Read on to know how you can identify it through the signs and symptoms of blood clots in your arteries.

Signs and symptoms of blood clots

Recognising the signs and symptoms of blood clots as early as possible can save your life. Here are some common indicators-

Deep Vein Thrombosis (Blood clot in the legs or arms)

  • Swelling of the arms or legs
  • Skin temperature will be warm
  • The arm or leg will feel tender and painful to touch
  • The skin will seem discoloured

 

Pulmonary Embolism (Blood clot in the lungs)

  • Persistent laboured breathing
  • Frequent bouts of coughing
  • Coughing up blood
  • A feeling of tightness in the chest
  • Chest pain
  • Irregularity of the heartbeat

 

Why could blood clots happen to you?

Blood clots can develop in healthy individuals. If you live a sedentary life, there are high chances that you might contract it. Or if you have been hospitalized and your recuperation has made you stay in bed for long, blood clots could develop.

Here are a few other factors that could up your risk of coming down with thrombosis

  • A knee or hip replacement surgery
  • Any major surgery. Especially surgery of the pelvis, knee, abdomen or hip
  • An extensive trauma
  • Treatment of cancer
  • Pregnancy and the six weeks following delivery
  • Hormone therapy that uses oestrogen
  • Being overweight
  • Smoking
  • Being 55 or older
  • Having to be confined to a wheelchair
  • Family history of thrombosis

 

Preventing blood clots

Keep an eye out for the signs and symptoms of blood clots in arteries. If you notice any indication, immediately book a doctor’s appointment. Also note that:

  • As a regular individual, the sure-shot way of keeping clots at bay is by leading an active life. Move around and workout as much as possible. If your work involves sitting in a chair for hours on end, do a few simple leg exercises at your workstation. Take a stroll during office breaks.
  • If you are overweight, immediately go on a diet and start exercising. You can drastically cut down the risk of developing thrombosis once you get in shape.
  • If you know of someone in your family who had contracted thrombosis, advise them to consult a doctor without any delay.
  • Since surgery is a major cause of blood clots, you and your doctor should address your concerns before you go ahead with the surgery.

 

Conclusion

Blood clots can be lethal. But with a weather eye on the signs and symptoms of blood clots and a few precautionary measures, you can avert them.

Don’t stay under the shadow of fear. If you feel that you are at the risk of

contracting thrombosis, consult a doctor through MediBuddy.

Sources:

  1.     Stoptheclot
  2.     Deccan chronicle