Prevent injuries

Stay Safe, Prevent Injuries!

Prevent injuries

Any harm or damage caused by accidents, falls, hits, and weapons is known as injury. You can get injured at work or play, indoors or outdoors, while driving a car or walking across the street. Accidents happen, but there are things you can do to prevent getting injured.

Fast Facts:

  • Falls account for more than 40 percent of non-fatal injuries.
  • Motorists without helmets are 40 percent more likely to die from a head injury.

What are common injuries?

  • Animal bites
  • Wounds
  • Bruises
  • Burns
  • Dislocations
  • Electrical injuries
  • Fractures
  • Sprains and strains

How to prevent common injuries?

Animal Bites

Household pets like dogs and cats are responsible for maximum cases of animal bites. They can be managed by following these guidelines:

  • If the bite breaks the skin, wash the area with soap and water, apply an antibiotic cream, and cover it with a clean bandage.
  • Get a tetanus shot, preferably within 48 hours of getting bitten.
  • If the wound is bleeding, apply pressure to stop the bleeding and get medical attention right away.
  • Never leave young children unattended with animals.
  • If you have not had a tetanus shot in the past ten years, get one.

Household burns

Follow these steps to protect your family and avoid a trip to the emergency department due to burns:

  • Do not leave hot coffee on tables or countertop edges.
  • Cover unused electric outlets with safety caps.
  • Do not put water on a grease fire.
  • Keep matches and lighters out of children’s reach in a locked cabinet.
  • Keep fire extinguishers on every floor of your house and a working smoke detector.

Falls

Unintentional falls are the leading injury-related reason people seek emergency care but they can be prevented by keeping the following points in mind.

  • Don’t leave objects on the stairs or walkways.
  • Use nightlights in the bedroom, hall and bathroom.
  • Remove throw rugs and tack down other rugs to avoid tripping.
  • Be sure the bottom of the tub or shower has a non-skid surface.
  • Cover play areas with paddings such as shredded mulch, wood chips, gravel or fine sand.

Protect yourself from other injuries

  • Stay away from damaged buildings or structures until they have been examined and certified as safe by an expert.
  • Leave immediately if you smell gas or suspect a leak.
  • Avoid lifting any heavy material alone.
  • Wear safety and protective gear for clean-up work.
  • Wear earplugs or protective headphones to reduce risk from equipment noise.

Did you know?

For older adults, unintentional falls are associated with lower-body weakness, problems with balance and walking, visual impairment, chronic illness or a history of stroke.

If your injury requires you to stay at home, arrange for a Home Healthcare Visit on MediBuddy

 


Sources:

1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed Nov 29, 2016.

2. Emergency Care for you. Accessed Nov 30, 2016.

3. British Medical Journal. Accessed Nov 30, 2016.

viral infections

Understanding Viral Infections and The Flu

viral infections

 

Viral infections have always been around and have killed millions till date. They’re caused by microbes (virus) and spread through sneezing, coughing, or by coming in contact with contaminated surfaces, humans, or animals. The Flu is a common viral infection caused by the influenza virus.

If you have cold and mild fever at least once, if not few times a year and you lose sick days at work, chances are that you catch the ‘flu’ once or few times a year! Influenza or commonly referred to as ‘flu’ is a seasonal illness that impacts our health and productivity at work. While a few days of sickness could be deemed as inconvenient, however, sometimes flu can be dangerous enough to lead to hospitalization or death in some cases. As per World Health Organization (WHO), Flu vaccine is the most effective way of protecting yourself from the influenza virus and spreading it to others at work or home.

What is Flu?

Flu or influenza is a viral infection of the nose, throat and lungs that is contagious.

Symptoms of Flu:

  • Fever or feeling feverish
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Muscle or body ache
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting or diarrhea, more common in children than adults

 

How is Flu different from Common Cold?

Symptoms of Flu can often be confused with that of common cold. However, we need to sit and take notice of flu as it can come on suddenly, and varies in severity of illness from person to person and can actually lead to death. Complications arising from Flu include:

  • Pneumonia: a common complication of flu that particularly effects people with lung and heart problems, children, pregnant women and elderly.
  • Bronchitis
  • Sinus
  • Ear infections
  • Aggravation of an existing condition like asthma, chronic congestive heart failure

 

High Risk Group for Flu

Seasonal Flu can impact all age groups. However, the highest risk of complication are people with existing medical condition like chronic, heart, lung, kidney, blood diseases, diabetics or weakened immune systems, children, adults 65 years or older and pregnant women.

Prevention with Flu Vaccination

Influenza viruses attack up to 10% of the adult population annually. Of the people infected worldwide, there are 3 to 5 million cases of severe illness and 2.5 to 5 lac death every year. The most effective way to prevent flu infection is vaccination. Flu vaccinations have to be taken depending on the flu season in your geography as recommended by your doctor. In a temperate climate, flu epidemic occurs in winters whereas in tropical regions, influenza outbreaks may be through out the year.

Benefits of Vaccination

Easily available and safe vaccinations have manifold benefits that include-

  • Prevent, reduce incidence and severity of flu
  • Higher productivity and reduce missed work or school
  • Protect colleagues at work and family’s health by not spreading the infection
  • Avoid flu related hospitalizations
  • Lower medical bills

 

How does the vaccine work?

The vaccine helps create antibodies in the body that fights against infection two weeks post vaccination. The vaccination can not only help you prevent the flu virus but also protect people around you who are at high risk and vulnerable.

Effectiveness of Vaccine

Ability of the vaccine to prevent flu infection depends on the prior health status of the person getting vaccinated and the match between the flu vaccine and the circulating virus that season. The healthier the person getting vaccinated and higher match between vaccine and circulating virus will ensure higher protection and effectiveness. Among high risk group, the vaccine may make their illness mild, should they get infected.

The flu vaccine is safe for most people except in extremely rare cases. If a vaccinated person has breathing trouble, feel weak, dizzy or fast heartbeat, they should contact the doctor immediately. Additionally, if a person has had an allergic reaction to the flu shot in the past, they should consult the doctor before getting vaccinated.

Treatment

Most people with mild form of flu do not need medication and should stay at home to avoid spreading the virus. However, if you are very sick or at ‘high risk’ antiviral drugs many be prescribed to you by your doctor. Timely medical intervention by doctor for people at high risk or severe illness is important to avoid complications from influenza infection.

Prevent Transmission of Flu from Infected Individual

Seasonal influenza virus is highly contagious and can spread easily from person to person. If a person is already infected with flu virus, it is critical to contain the virus from spreading especially in closed environment like an office space with many people working in close proximity. To prevent flu transmission, infected people should-

  • Stay away from people as flu can spread to people up to 6 feet away
  • Cover their mouth and nose when coughing.
  • Wash their hands regularly with soap and water, preferably. If soap and water is not available, alcohol based hand rub many also be used.
  • Utensils, dishes, linens of an infected person should not be shared with others.
  • Surfaces touched frequently by an infected person at work, home, school should be disinfected.

Flu is a seasonal viral illness that can impact not only the weak but also healthy, young adults. The viral infection has the potential to cause severe sickness in you and those around you at work and home. Flu vaccinations are an easy and effective tool to avoid seasonal illness, increased productivity, probable hospitalizations and protect colleagues, friends and family. Would you chose to losing productive days at work and fun time with family and friends over feeling sick every flu season or worse, face hospitalization? Get flu vaccination and stay healthy.

Source:

World Health Organization

Vaccinations should only be taken after you’re given the clear by a health expert.
Consult a doctor on MediBuddy to find out which vaccitions you should take if
you haven’t already.   

Yoga for body, mind and soul!

yoga

Yoga, a 5000-year old practice has gained importance towards the prevention of diseases, maintenance and promotion of health. Yoga is a spiritual science practised all across the world and is not limited to just being a form of physical exercise. On December 11 in 2014, United Nations General Assembly declared June 21st as the International Day of Yoga.

Yoga has known to have brought remarkable lifestyle changes in the practitioners. A sedentary lifestyle leads to very low energy expenditures and can cause a number of lifestyle disorders. Obesity is caused due to an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. Practising yoga has beneficial effects on internal organs, endocrine glands, and mind and is useful for the prevention of weight gain and the development of obesity.

 

 Fast Facts:

  • There are 84 classic Yoga Asanas, the Asana being one of the 8 limbs (branches) of Yoga. The other limbs are Yama, Niyama, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, Samadhi.
  • Studies show that yoga reduces the risk of heart disease by improving arterial flow. Other studies found yoga help treat diabetes, high blood pressure, and asthma

 In this write-up, we will discuss two yoga postures which can be regularly practised for the management of obesity.

 

 Veerasana (Warrior pose)

 This asana exerts pressure on the digestive organs. It helps to reduce excessive fat accumulated in the abdominal region.

  • Stand erect with both the legs joined.
  • Step your left leg forward at a maximum distance from the right leg.
  • Bend the left leg at the knee to form a right angle between the thigh and calf.
  • Join both the palms and place them on the knee.
  • With the right leg being straight, inhale and stretch both of your arms above your head and bend the upper part of your body backwards.
  • Stay in this posture until you feel the strain.
  • Exhale slowly while straightening your trunk, inhale and bring the hands down to the knees.
  • Return your left foot to the original position aligned with the right, as you exhale.

 

Bhujangasana (Cobra pose)

This asana targets the stomach muscles and stimulates the digestive organs. It helps reduce flab around the hips, abdomen, and waist.

  • Lie down with the chest and abdomen touching the ground.
  • Stretch both the legs together as much as possible to resemble the tail of a serpent.
  • Place the palms near the chest facing the ground. The elbows should be straight and stretched completely.
  • Now slowly raise your forehead and lift the upper body, from the head to abdomen, to resemble the shape of a hooded cobra.
  • Bend your neck to feel the stretch in your spines.
  • Hold your breath until you maintain this position.
  • Release by relaxing the abdomen first on the ground, then chest, and finally the head.

Did you know?

According to a study, obese participants practising yoga for one year showed more improvement in pulmonary functions and reduced BMI compared to participants doing aerobic exercises.

Combine the benefits of Yoga with regular Health Checks
for lasting wellness. Book your Health Check on
MediBuddy today!

 


Sources:

1. OMICS International. Accessed June 20, 2016.

2. International Day of Yoga. Accessed June 20, 2016.

3. The Art of Living. Accessed June 20, 2016.a

Good Health: The Best Gift For a Man

men

Over the years, gifts for men have become largely uninspiring, impersonal and completely unoriginal – the striped tie, the pair of black socks or the bottle of aftershave, only because you couldn’t find anything better; everyone struggles to come up with a new and unique idea for a gift!

This year, why not break away from the tradition of getting him something that he may or may not use, and gift him something that will actually make him feel better, immensely, both physically and mentally? As we grow up and mature, we seldom realize that the man who stood by our side through thick and thin has aged, too!

Not only are men laxer when it comes to taking care of their health, but the fact of the matter is that while he was busy caring and providing for you and the family, his health took a backseat.

Only seeking medical care during an emergency is not enough. Most illnesses start with a few noticeable symptoms (symptoms that are usually brushed aside due to busy schedules). Making regular visits to the doctor and getting preventive health checks done are a must if you want to spot the early signs of most illnesses.

Here are 3 health issues that hound men all over the world.

Prostate Cancer

This form of cancer affects the prostate gland and is the most common amongst men. Although younger men below the age of 50 years are hardly diagnosed with prostate cancer, it still accounts for 10% of cancer-related deaths among men.

The symptoms of prostate cancer rarely show; however, it can be diagnosed with a digital rectal exam to feel the prostate and a PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) blood test.

Diabetes

Diabetes is one of the leading diseases that spell disaster for thousands of men. The symptoms of diabetes do not show at all once it takes root in the body. Blood sugar levels rise over time to eventually pass through urine. The symptoms at this stage include excessive thirst and frequent urination.

The concentration and quantity of more than normal glucose levels work as a slow poison on nerves and blood vessels. Strokes, heart attacks, kidney failure, amputations, and blindness are some of the adverse effects of diabetes on men’s’ health.

Lung Cancer

According to a report published by cancer.org, at least 83,550 men die from lung cancer each year. Lung cancer is metastatic and aggressive in nature. In other words, the cancer cells separate from the tumor and travel to other parts of the body.

The disease starts early and grows larger in size to give rise to symptoms, such as wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing up blood, and cough. By the time it’s detected in chest X-Rays and CT scans, the disease is advanced and extremely difficult to cure.

Plenty of gifts for men can be fun, but the effects are also short-lived. On his big day, gift him a health check on MediBuddy! MediBuddy is a curated network of outpatient services, where you can select, compare and book your preferred service from exhaustive listings of specialist doctors, trusted diagnostic centres and hospitals. It’s the perfect time and way to show him exactly how special he is to you and just how much his presence matters to you!

Show that you care for him and his health after all he’s done for you.