We all have occasionally experienced our body crying out in pain and refusing to do what we tell it to. Like machines, our body is also made up of moving parts and with so many different muscles and joints it is not uncommon if they go wrong once in a while.
Physiotherapy helps muscles and joints work to their full potential and promotes, restores and maintains physical health. Using a variety of techniques, it assists repair damage by speeding up the healing process and reducing pain and stiffness.
- Physical therapy exercise has been proven to help women who experience incontinence, osteoporosis or breast cancer surgery.
- Physical activity conducted under the guidance and supervision of a physi0-therapist reduces the risk of heart attack, stroke, Type 2 diabetes, colon cancer and breast cancer.
Why is physiotherapy important?
1. To improve range of motion: You might feel less capable of participating in your day to day activities if you are suffering from an injury or have a condition. A physiotherapy plan would help you solve issues with your range of motion and you will regain your mobility to return to your usual level of activity.
2. To improve damage due to neurological disorders: Stroke and Parkinson’s disease can bring physical damage which can be corrected or improved by physiotherapy. Physiotherapy provides assistance in mobility, bringing back full or partial function, and prevents further deterioration.
3. To check progress on exercises: Physio-therapies revolve around therapeutic exercises which will be assigned by your physiotherapists depending on the type of injury. Regular sessions with your physiotherapists are important to assess your progress, who will then increase or change your exercises as per your state of recovery.
4. To improve cardiopulmonary conditions: If a patient is suffering from breathing issues, physiotherapy provides assistance by introducing guided exercises.
5. Management of pain: Chronic pain or pain resulting from an accident or injury can be managed by physiotherapy. Arthritis, osteoporosis, repetitive strain injury, knee, neck, wrist and back pain are some common ailments which require attention. Physiotherapy also helps in improving your quality of life so you can get back to your daily activities, sports, and hobbies.
6. Post-operative recovery: After orthopedic surgery especially after the fracture or joint replacement, physiotherapy is valuable to help with walking or mobilizing a damaged body part. Regular physiotherapy sessions can also help people to lead active lives with their prosthetic limbs.
What to expect during a physiotherapy session?
A physiotherapist may recommend exercises, use some techniques which involve machines or practise manual therapy to ease pain and promote healing.
1. Manual therapy: A physiotherapist will use their hands for manipulating, mobilizing and massaging the body tissues. Effective treatment of back pain and other conditions which do not affect the bones, joints or muscles is done using this therapy.
2. Machine therapy: A physiotherapist will use machines such as ultrasound, interferential and TENS (Trans-cutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) depending on the type of condition with an aim to relieve pain and spasms.
3. Exercises: A physiotherapist will recommend and teach exercises designed to improve movement and strength in a specific part of the body.
4. Physical activities: A physiotherapist will recommend activities that involve moving the whole body, such as walking or swimming or treatments such as hydrotherapy or aquatic therapy.
Did You Know?
Every year on 8th September, physical therapists around the world use World Physical Therapy Day to draw attention to raising awareness about the contribution that physiotherapy makes to keeping people well, mobile and independent.
- National Health Service. Accessed on June 13, 2016.
- World Confederation for Physical Therapy. Accessed on June 14, 2016.