Winter skin care tips

Skin Care in Winter: Top 7 Tips to Get That Winter Glow

Winter skin care tips

Love the winter mornings when you wake up with a glow on your face? But what happens when the temperature continues to drop, bringing with it diet and lifestyle changes? The toll it takes on your skin is evident with dry, flaky skin particularly on the face and limbs. Try incorporating these tips into your winter skin care regimen to keep that glow:

Say no to steaming hot showers

Can’t wait to get out of the cold and jump into a hot shower? As it good as it may feel, the effect on your skin is quite the opposite as you are effectively stripping away much-needed oils on the skin. Try to use lukewarm to warm water instead to retain the moisture in your skin. For infants and toddlers, try to keep bath time shorter if you use hot water.

Moisturize right after a bath

The best time to moisturize your skin is right after a bath or after washing up. Applying a good oil-based moisturizer to damp skin seals the moisture in the skin. Place bottles of moisturizers handy in the bathroom, near every sink, and around the house to use after each wash.

Choose the right moisturizer

This is a particularly important aspect of winter skin care for infants and children. Choose moisturizers with natural, nourishing ingredients like oatmeal. Adults can opt for oil-based creams and lotions rather than water-based products used during the summer and rest of the year.

Layer up with sunscreen too

Sunscreen is not just a summer essential, the winter sun can cause just as much damage. So don’t forget to add a layer of sunscreen after your moisturize. If you intend to spend your entire day out, it’s best to re-apply a fresh layer every few hours.

Invest in a humidifier

If you have heaters around the house or a centralized heating system, be aware of how they dry out the air. Installing a humidifier in essential corners of your home like your child’s bedroom or the living room can help put moisture back into the air, preventing skin from drying out.

Don’t forget to exfoliate

Exfoliation sloughs off dead cells in your skin that barricade the benefits of a skin care regimen. Moisturizers, creams and lotions cannot effectively penetrate a surface full of dead cells. Try using an exfoliating mask on your face and hands, followed immediately by a moisturizer to see a smoother difference. Exfoliating body washes, loofahs, and pumice stone for the feet are also great to use for exfoliation.

Nourishment inside-out

It’s not just external care that your body needs during the winter. Give your skin a boost from the inside with your diet and lifestyle. Include food rich in antioxidants and Omega 3, 6, 7 and 9 in your diet. Nuts and fruits can nourish you with these essential nutrients, while exercise can increase blood circulation in the skin, making your skin supple and soft.

Apart from dry skin, allergens and irritants from the air and woollen clothes often lead to skin conditions such as eczema and dermatitis. If you have any concerns about skin care during the winter months reach out for a consultation with a specialist
through MediBuddy.

Patient Safety Awareness: Why is it Important?

Patient Safety in the Healthcare System

Healthcare delivery is an increasingly complex process. Successful treatment for a patient no longer rests on a single individual, rather it rests on a chain of factors dependent on healthcare workers as well as technology. Given the intricacies in the system, and the challenges within, medical errors and technological glitches have seeped in to risk what we fear most during hospitalization: patient safety.

Challenges to Patient Safety

Five focus group discussions with 16 doctors and 20 nurses from healthcare centers in Kerala revealed 129 different mentions of barriers to patient safety, according to an article published by the Indian Journal of Community Medicine. These barriers were then categorized into five main challenges:

Limited resources: Participants from the focus groups listed some of the limited resources they had to work with: inadequate staffing, poor or limited access to supplies, poor infrastructure for patient movement, or lack of sufficient hygiene measures that could lead to health care–acquired infections.

Healthcare delivery systems: A prime concern for both doctors and nurses in the groups was the fragmentation in the system for the delivery and quality of drugs. Quality and varying dosage were often key concerns, particularly for high-alert medications (drugs that bear a higher risk of causing significant patient harm when used in error).

Lack of training for healthcare providers: Healthcare workers, nurses in particular, mentioned lack of clinical experience and training owing to the absence of time and a systematic method of selection and training.

Patient education: And finally, an almost self-imposed barrier – patient behavior. Participants from the groups talked about patients’ inclination to overuse medicines or to consume medication based on perception rather than prescription.

Patient Safety Initiatives in Healthcare

5.2 million errors tend to get buried among the millions treated successfully, unless the media or social media highlight incidences of negligent patient care. These incidents often make you pause and reflect on medical treatment you’ve been through, sometimes unsatisfied with the care delivered, but accepting it nevertheless as just how the system functions as far as there are no adverse effects or extreme process failures like wrong-site surgery (when a surgery is performed on the wrong patient or the wrong procedure is performed on a patient).

As we step into a week that promotes Patient Safety Awareness, let’s talk about patient safety goals both big and small, so everyone knows where the system is headed:

  • Improve effective communication in the process of healthcare delivery
  • Improve the safety of high-alert medications for preventing medication errors
  • Identify patients correctly
  • Eliminate wrong-site surgeries
  • Reduce the risk of healthcare–acquired infections
  • Reduce the risk of patient harm resulting from falls
  • Routine audits and proactive risk assessment of the hazards
  • A conducive environment for a culture of safety
  • Streamlining healthcare delivery systems

Regardless of the limitations of the system, there’s still something
you can do to ensure patient safety. Reach out to a trusted and curated
system of healthcare delivery like MediBuddy for all your inpatient,
outpatient, consultation and medicine needs.

Sources: 

  1. National Health Systems Resource Centre
  2. World Health Organization
  3. Indian Journal of Community Medicine

Sexually Transmitted Infections: Are You Ignoring These Symptoms?

Sexually Transmitted Infections and symptoms

Sexually transmitted infections are preventable with effort; they are treatable too by making sure you take stock of your health when you are sexually active. Here’s a look at signs and symptoms of eight leading STIs that just can’t be ignored:

Common STIs and Their Symptoms

Genital herpes

  • Small red bumps, blisters or open sores/ulcers in the genital area, anus and surrounding areas
  • Pain or itching around the genital area, anus and inner thighs
  • Flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache and muscle aches
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the groin

 

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection or condyloma acuminatum

  • Itching or discomfort in your genital area
  • Tiny, gray or flesh-colored swellings in genital area
  • Multiple warts that form in a cluster or cauliflower shape close together
  • Bleeding with intercourse
  • In men, warts can grow on the scrotum, the tip or shaft of the penis, or the anus.
  • For women, warts can grow on the walls of the vagina, the vulva, the area around the external genitals, the anus, or the cervix.
  • Warts can also grow in the mouth or throat of a person in case of transmission through oral sex.

 

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

1. HIV symptoms – early stage: These early signs often disappear within a week or month, making it difficult to distinguish it from a common viral infection. The affected individual is highly infectious during this period. After the initial infection, more persistent or severe HIV symptoms may not appear for 10 years or more.

  • Fever and fatigue
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Rashes
  • Swollen lymph glands

2. HIV symptoms – progressive stage: This stage will show more chronic symptoms as the virus spreads, destroying immune cells.

  • Swollen lymph nodes – one of the noticeable signs of an HIV infection
  • Fever
  • Cough and breathing difficulty
  • Weight loss

3. HIV symptoms – later stage:

  • Persistent fatigue
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Persistent headaches
  • Soaking night sweats
  • Fever higher than 100.4 F (38 C) and shivers for weeks
  • Unusual infections
  • Swelling of lymph nodes for more than three months

 

Gonorrhea

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Bleeding between menstrual cycles
  • Thick, cloudy or bloody discharge from vagina or penis
  • Painful, swollen testicles
  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Anal itching

 

Syphilis

Syphilis symptoms can come to light in these four stages — primary, secondary, latent and tertiary.

1. Primary syphilis symptoms:

  • Symptoms occur from 10 days to three months after exposure
  • Single or multiple painless sores on the part of the body where infection was transmitted – usually mouth, genitals, or rectum
  • Sores may heal without treatment, but the disease remains and may reappear in later stages

2. Secondary syphilis symptoms:

  • Symptoms begin to appear three to six weeks after the sores appear.
  • Red or reddish-brown rashes
  • Sores over other parts of the body, including palms and soles
  • Fever
  • Fatigue, discomfort, soreness and aches
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Once again, symptoms may disappear without treatment after a few weeks, or may reoccur on and off for a year

3. Latent syphilis symptoms:

  • Occurs in few instances where no symptoms are present following the secondary stage
  • Symptoms may never return, or the disease could progress to the tertiary stage

4. Tertiary syphilis symptoms:

  • Lack of coordination
  • Blindness
  • Numbness, paralysis
  • Dementia
  • Without treatment, the syphilis bacteria can spread, causing serious internal organ damage and leading to death years after the original infection

 

Trichomoniasis

  • Symptoms typically surface within 5 to 28 days of exposure
  • Symptoms may vary from mild irritation to severe inflammation
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Itching or irritation inside the penis
  • Clear, white, yellowish or greenish vaginal discharge
  • Strong vaginal odor
  • Vaginal itching or irritation
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Painful urination

 

Hepatitis

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue, muscle or joint pain
  • Fever
  • Dark urine
  • Itching
  • Jaundice
  • Abdominal discomfort or pain, particularly on the right side beneath your lower ribs around the liver

 

Chlamydia

  • Painful urination
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Pain during sexual intercourse in women
  • Bleeding between menstrual cycles in women
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Testicular pain

There are preventive steps that can be taken to avoid contracting or transmitting
STIs, such as health screening, immunization and preventive medication. Do you
know all your options? Reach out for a consultation with a physician to know
more.