Gynaecological diseases can play havoc with your overall health. However, women suffering from them and society as well often downplay certain gynaecological issues. With some problems being the butt of a joke, or often a sexist remark, women, particularly those in the workforce, steer clear from talking about their problems and even seeking help.
However, many of these common gynaecological problems can have serious ramifications on your health and well-being, both physical and mental. It is, therefore, in your best interest to arm yourself with information regarding the same. Here are some common gynaecological problems that you should know about:
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
How many times have your co-workers made jokes about your period if you happened to snap at them, or demand certain tasks on priority? As women, we are almost used to this. Due to this, Premenstrual Syndrome and its more potent cousin, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, are not as well known in terms of the health issues they can cause.
Most women have experienced some form of PMS ever since they started their period – fatigue, tender breasts, moodiness, cramps, food cravings, and if you’re truly lucky, all of them together.
However, Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder is a version of these symptoms, so severe that it interferes with your daily life. With symptoms like emotional conflict, anger, lack of concentration, pain, and depression on the roster, your work and relationship with others can be majorly affected. Acknowledging this problem and seeking help can ensure that you can cope with your symptoms in a more constructive manner.
Infertility is one of the most common gynaecological problems. Contrary to popular belief, infertility in women does not only refer to the inability to get pregnant, but also to the inability to carry the pregnancy to its full term. Infertility can be attributed to a variety of factors. Some of these include:
- Ovulation disorders: Many hormonal problems can affect the way ovulation occurs. Ovulation is the release of the egg by the ovaries, and without regular ovulation, it can be challenging to map out when your body is ready to conceive. Some problems such as polycystic ovary syndrome, hypothyroidism, and hyperprolactinemia can affect your ovulation cycle.
- Cervical abnormalities: Abnormalities in the shape of the uterus or the opening of the cervix can lead to problems while conceiving.
- Endometriosis: Endometriosis refers to a problem where the endometrial tissue starts growing out of the uterus. As a result, the overall functions of the ovaries, cervix, and uterus can get negatively affected.
- Damage to the Fallopian tube: The Fallopian tube is what allows the egg to reach the uterus. When this tube is blocked or damaged, the egg does not reach the uterus, failing to get fertilized even after unprotected sex.
Today, there are many fertility treatment options available for women. One of the most commonly known ones is IVF treatment, which stands for In Vitro Fertilization. Treatments such as these can help women get pregnant and carry their baby to term when carried out successfully.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a common gynaecological disorder that affects millions of women worldwide. Due to PCOS, women may have infrequent or highly irregular periods, or periods that last longer than normal.
They may also have high levels of androgen in their systems. Another common symptom of this problem is the development of follicles around the eggs, which interferes with your fertility. Some signs that you may have high levels of androgen in your system include male pattern baldness, severe acne, and worsening hirsutism.
If your periods are extremely irregular, you should visit a gynaecologist for women’s health issues and see whether there are any solutions for the management of common problems in obstetrics and gynaecology such as PCOS.
Premature ovarian failure
Premature Ovarian Failure refers to a condition that causes you to lose normal ovarian function before the age of 40. This condition is also commonly referred to as premature menopause.
However, it is essential to note that the two conditions are quite different. With premature ovarian failure, you can still have irregular periods and get pregnant. With premature menopause, your period stops entirely and you cannot get pregnant. Some of the symptoms of premature ovarian failure include:
- Night sweats
- Difficulty conceiving
- Decreased sexual desire
- Difficulty concentrating
- Hot flashes
- Vaginal dryness
If you’re not expecting and haven’t missed your period for over three months, then you should see your doctor to find out what the problem could be.
It is important to seek help if you experience any gynaecological issues, no matter how pressing it may or may not seem. Some of these problems have cures and treatment while others call for their management.