The eyes enable one and all to appreciate and admire the world around them. It seems like eye diseases are quite prevalent in India. The magnitude of the same can be gauged from the figures of a survey conducted by the Indian Express which shows that number of people with blindness in the country has gone up from 7.2 million to 8.8 million between 1990 and 2015. This alarming data makes it a must for everyone to be conscious about their eye health and take good care of it.
Common Eye Diseases And Conditions To Watch Out For
Refractive eye problems – This is one of the most common eye conditions. This type of problem occurs when light does not fall directly on the retina due to a distortion in the shape of the eye. The different types of refractive eye problems are astigmatism, nearsightedness, farsightedness and presbyopia. Corrections of these problems are done by using glasses, lenses or through surgeries.
Eye inflammations – This condition can be caused by viral or bacterial eye infections. There are also instances where such inflammations occur due to allergic reactions, autoimmune diseases and environmental causes. Eye ointments containing cortisones and eye drops are used to treat such eye conditions.
Eye Infections – General eye infection symptoms include pain, redness, watering/dryness, blurring of vision, swelling in and around the eyes and more. One of the most common eye diseases, especially in tropical countries is conjunctivitis. Recurring eye infections in adults is a matter of major concern. Apart from this, a person may be affected from bacterial eye infections, trachoma, Acanthamoeba keratitis, and endophthalmitis. There are antibiotics for eye infections available in both oral and drop form which should be used only under a doctor’s orders.
Cataracts – A cataract is a condition that affects vision by making the lens present in the eye cloudy. Though it is a slow progressing ailment, cataracts can cause blindness in the long run. This condition is treated surgically where the natural defective lens is replaced by an artificial one. Cataract treatment without surgery is possible too, but it is effective till only an early stage.