Epileptic Seizure: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

epileptic seizure

An epileptic seizure is a chronic ailment of the brain that keeps recurring. It happens when a sudden increase in the brain’s electrical activity causes its chemistry to go off balance. Currently, it affects around 65 million people worldwide.

Read on to know more about this condition.

What causes Seizures?

The medical community does not know exactly what the epilepsy triggers are. Doctors just know that a disruption of the brain’s activities triggers it. Some possible causes include-

  • Trauma to the head
  • Genetics
  • Tumours or stroke
  • Some children are born with structurally different brains which make them prone to epilepsy. A child may be epileptic if it didn’t receive sufficient oxygen at the time of birth.
  • Autism
  • Brain infections
  • Diseases like Down’s Syndrome, Alzheimer’s, encephalitis or AIDS
  • Low blood sugar

 

What are the Signs of Epilepsy?

The symptoms of an epileptic seizure are:

  • Convulsions
  • Unconsciousness
  • Blurry memory
  • Loss of bowel and bladder control, coinciding with periods of unconsciousness
  • Limbs feel stiff and unresponsive
  • Narcolepsy or sleeping repeatedly during the day
  • Weak muscles

Tip: Consult a doctor on MediBuddy if you experience any of the abovementioned symptoms.

Treatment for Epileptic Seizure

If tests indicate that you do have epilepsy, your doctor will prescribe anti-epileptic medication. Since the most-common outcome of epilepsy is seizures, you will also have to take anti-seizure medicines. The dosage will depend on the intensity of your condition.

Your doctor will take you off medication once you get through at least two years without experiencing a seizure.

Epilepsy Surgery

The doctor first identifies the region of the brain where unnatural activity is prompting seizures and then removes the problem-inducing region surgically.

The Vagus Nerve Stimulation

The vagus nerve leads directly to the brain. The surgeon implants an electrical stimulator under the skin of your chest and connects it to the nerve. This device emits bursts of electricity that travels to the brain through the nerve and stops an epileptic seizure.

Deep Brain Stimulation

It is somewhat similar to the vagus nerve stimulation procedure. Here, the surgeon attaches electrodes to the thalamus of your brain and attaches the other end to a stimulator in your chest. It sends electrical pulses directly to the brain to inhibit seizures.

Epilepsy Diet

All dieticians prescribe a ketogenic diet for epileptic seizures. It comprises plenty of fats, limited proteins and minimal carbohydrates. So, your diet will include healthy fatty food like sea fish, avocado, nuts, chia seeds, dark chocolate and cheese. You will have to reduce the consumption of grains, potatoes, and fleshy fruits as they are high in carbohydrates.

Epilepsy is a lethal disorder and can even claim your life. But, it can be brought under control with the right treatment measures.

Consulting a doctor is extremely crucial during epileptic seizures. You should
still see one if you’ve never had a major seizure or if people tell you that there
are times when you are not aware of what you’re doing.

References:

mayoclinic

epilepsy

medicalnewstoday

 

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