Rapid changes in lifestyle, stress, anxiety and sleep deprivation are at the root of why a shockingly large number of people are displaying the signs of mental health issues. Not paying heed to them would certainly spell disaster sooner or later. Here are a list of some common psychological disorders and the ways to identify them.
One of the most dreaded mental health problems; unfortunately it affects more women than men. Around 300 million people worldwide are diagnosed with it every year and millions suffer in silence, often without availing any medical help to alleviate the symptoms.
Loneliness and social isolation propels depression. Other factors may include genetics, despair over an untreatable medical condition and disrupted chemical reactions in the brain.
Here are a few indicators of depression:
- Loss of appetite
- A feeling of little or no self-worth
- Not finding a purpose to go on living
- Feeling alienated from family and loved ones
- Losing interest in everything that is happening around you
Depression can be fatal. If you witness these symptoms, seek help right away. Treatment includes cognitive behaviour therapy and taking anti-depressant medication.
At some point in their lives, people have endured severe bouts of anxiety. But for some people, that anxious gut-wrenching feeling continues to persist. This is a psychological ailment.
The symptoms of anxiety disorders are:
- Frequent panic attacks
- Inability to concentrate
- Insomnia and aching muscles
- Always feeling agitated and annoyed
- Worrying about the smallest of things
You can try to treat anxiety at home with a healthy diet, a strict exercise regime, yoga, and abstaining from alcohol and tobacco. It that does not work, talk to a mental health specialist.
Fairly common among mental health issues, it afflicts nearly 60 million people around the world. It is characterized by alternating manic or depressive episodes with a few tranquil phases in between. Neuro-chemical activities and genetics are responsible for triggering this ailment.
Its characteristics are:
- Rapid mood swings
- Frequently lashing out at others
- Feeling depressed or losing hope easily
This illness can be cataclysmic to a person’s psychological wellbeing. If you are manifesting these symptoms then you might need help or bipolar disorder may progress to hypermania where you might become a threat to yourself and your loved ones. Treatment includes psychotherapy and medicines.
Schizophrenia is a kind of psychosis. This dangerous ailment can distort the very way a person thinks, feels, or perceives the world. They are likely to lose their grip on objective reality.
The symptoms of schizophrenia are:
- Loss of concentration
- Severe lack of motivated
- Incoherent thinking process
- Delusions and hallucinations
- Loss of interest in everything
- Seeing things that do not exist
- Hearing voices inside your head
Schizophrenia has no cure. But therapy and anti-psychotic drugs can keep the symptoms under check.
It is one of the most distressing mental health issues. It is a chronic and progressive ailment, which means there is a gradual deterioration of a person’s memory and cognitive abilities.
A person struggling with dementia is bound to display some of these symptoms:
- Frequent forgetfulness
- Reduced attention span
- Inability to recall incidents from the past
- Cognitive impairment such as inability to speak, calculate or comprehend concepts
Unfortunately, dementia cannot be cured. But with timely action, it can be slowed down drastically. That is why it is of paramount importance that those with symptoms get help right away.
Pay heed to the symptoms of mental health issues. It’s a serious issue and must not be ignored at any cost whatsoever. Medicines and therapy can help you lead a happy life among your loved ones.