After extreme heat during the summers, we look forward to the refreshing monsoon season. But this is also the time of the year when contagious infections are on the rise. Our body is more susceptible to health issues in the rainy season due to monsoon diseases. Warm, wet, and humid climate cause infections and water accumulation become possible breeding ground for many disease-causing organisms. This article will help you regarding your health concerns during monsoons.
Why is body susceptible to monsoon diseases?
Allergies and infections can happen due to reduced immunity.
- High humidity can cause digestive problems, such as gastrointestinal disturbances, diarrhoea and dysentery.
- Damp and filthy conditions play a host for many disease-causing germs which are responsible for dengue, malaria, conjunctivitis, typhoid, and viral fever.
Prevent yourself from monsoon-related illnesses:
- Make drinking water safe by boiling, filtering and by using ultraviolet purifiers to ensure its purity.
- Prevent stagnation of water near your house, storage tanks, flower pots, coolers, etc.
- Soak your salads and leafy vegetables in salt water for about 10 minutes to remove germs.
- Do not wear wet clothes for long to prevent fungal infections of the skin or nails.
Nutritional tips to keep your body resistant against diseases:
- Improve your body’s immunity by adding a dash of garlic to the soups, stir fries and curries you make.
- Instead of milk add yoghurt, curd, and almonds in your diet.
- Brown rice, oats, and barley are the best foods this season.
- Consume bitter gourd, neem, turmeric powder and methi seeds to prevent infections.
- Avoid spicy and sour foods to prevent skin allergies and water retention.
Prevent monsoon diseases
Malaria: The most common disease of the rainy season can be prevented by using mosquito repellent and nets and by not allowing stagnation of water.
Cholera: Another deadly disease caused due to contaminated food, water and poor hygiene conditions can be prevented by maintaining hygiene, drinking purified water, avoiding street food and eating completely cooked food items.
Typhoid: Water-borne bacterial disease spread through contaminated food and water and can be prevented by avoiding raw foods, drinking untreated water and keeping oneself dehydrated.
Dengue: Another disease spread by mosquitoes which can be prevented by avoiding mosquito bites and not letting them breed.
Jaundice: The jaundice virus is spread through contaminated food/water. Avoiding street food and consuming boiled water can keep jaundice at bay.
Stomach Infection: This can cause severe vomiting, diarrhoea and stomach pain and can be prevented by drinking plenty of safe fluids and consuming uncontaminated foods.
Viral Fever: The most common condition causing constant sneezing, sore throat, cough and fever can be prevented by avoiding getting wet in the rain and seeing a doctor if the situation worsens.
Chikungunya: Transmitted by the bite of mosquitoes and can be prevented by cleaning water containers regularly and using insect repellents.
DID YOU KNOW?
It is advisable to wear nylon clothes during monsoons as clothes made of polyester and nylon are light and dry easily.
- Mayoclinic. Accessed on July 12, 2016.
- India Infoline. Accessed on July 13, 2016.